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Part IA courses in the Easter Term

These changes will affect students who will take the IA examination in Easter Term 2020 and the IB examination in Easter Term 2021. They will not affect students who have finished IA and are due to take the IB examination in Easter Term 2020.

PLEASE NOTE THAT, FOR THIS TERM ONLY, LECTURES AND CLASSES FOR PART 1A, RUN FROM WEEK 2 OF FULL-TERM.

Your work in this term is preparatory for Part 1B, to which lectures and supervisions look forward. For full details of how Part 1B is structured, see the ‘Part 1B’ section of the course descriptions. The examination in 2020 will follow the same format as in 2019; any changes in syllabus for second year work in 2020/21 will be announced in 2019/20.

The Epic lectures in Easter Term 2020 will reflect the changes detailed below. There will be no IB Epic lectures in Michaelmas Term 2019 (or in the Michaelmas Term of subsequent years).

 

Paper 1: Greek Language and Texts

READING CLASSES: HOMER, Iliad 1, 6 and 24

MR F BASSO
(15C: Easter, weeks 2-6)

The minimal aim for these classes will be to read at least one book  from among those prescribed and a portion of another, but some classes may be able to complete the reading of both. 

The editions of the Greek text that will be used in class (a copy will be provided) are: 

D.B. Munro and T.W Allen (edd.), Homeri Opera. Tomus I. Iliadis Libros I-XII continens. Editio Tertia (Oxford University Press [Oxford 1920 –often reprinted], D.B. Munro and T.W Allen (edd.), Homeri Opera. Tomus II. Iliadis Libros XIII-XXIV continens. Editio Tertia (Oxford University Press [Oxford 1920 –often reprinted]

Vocabularies will also be provided.

These are the recommended commentaries:

S. Pulleyn, Homer: Iliad 1. Edited with introduction, translation and commentary (Oxford University Press [Oxford 2001]). G.S. Kirk, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume I: books 1-4 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1985]).

B. Graziosi and J. Haubold, Homer: Iliad Book VI (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 2010]),

G.S. Kirk, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume II: books 5-8 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1990]).

C.W. Macleod, Homer: Iliad Book XXIV (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1982]),

N. Richardson, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume VI: books 21-24 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1993]).

The following annotated editions provide more basic help with vocabulary, morphology and syntax: P.A Draper, Homer. Iliad Book 1 with notes and vocabulary (The University of Michigan Press [Ann Arbor 2002], J.A. Harrison and R.H Jordan, Homer. Iliad I, with introduction, notes and vocabulary (Bristol Classical Press [London 2005]), J.A. Harrison and R.H Jordan, Homer. Iliad VI, with introduction, notes and vocabulary (Bristol Classical Press [London 1991])

 

Paper 2: Alternative Greek Language and Texts

INTENSIVE GREEK READING CLASSES : HOMER, Iliad 1, 6 and 24

MR F BASSO
DR R OMITOWOJU
(15C: Easter weeks 2-6)

The minimal aim for these classes will be to read at least one book  from among those prescribed and a portion of another, but some classes may be able to complete the reading of both. 

The editions of the Greek text that will be used in class (a copy will be provided) are: 

D.B. Munro and T.W Allen (edd.), Homeri Opera. Tomus I. Iliadis Libros I-XII continens. Editio Tertia (Oxford University Press [Oxford 1920 –often reprinted], D.B. Munro and T.W Allen (edd.), Homeri Opera. Tomus II. Iliadis Libros XIII-XXIV continens. Editio Tertia (Oxford University Press [Oxford 1920 –often reprinted]

Vocabularies will also be provided.

These are the recommended commentaries:

S. Pulleyn, Homer: Iliad 1. Edited with introduction, translation and commentary (Oxford University Press [Oxford 2001]). G.S. Kirk, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume I: books 1-4 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1985]).

B. Graziosi and J. Haubold, Homer: Iliad Book VI (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 2010]),

G.S. Kirk, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume II: books 5-8 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1990]).

C.W. Macleod, Homer: Iliad Book XXIV (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1982]),

N. Richardson, The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume VI: books 21-24 (Cambridge University Press [Cambridge 1993]).

The following annotated editions provide more basic help with vocabulary, morphology and syntax: P.A Draper, Homer. Iliad Book 1 with notes and vocabulary (The University of Michigan Press [Ann Arbor 2002], J.A. Harrison and R.H Jordan, Homer. Iliad I, with introduction, notes and vocabulary (Bristol Classical Press [London 2005]), J.A. Harrison and R.H Jordan, Homer. Iliad VI, with introduction, notes and vocabulary (Bristol Classical Press [London 1991]).

These classes will focus on acquiring strategies for tackling passages of Ancient Greek (in prose and verse) of the kind that candidates can expect on the exam.

 

INTENSIVE GREEK: UNPREPARED TRANSLATION PRACTICE

MR F BASSO
5 C: Easter weeks 2-6

These classes will practice unprepared translation from Iliad 3, 9, 16, 18, 21, 22. The selection has the aim of reading in the original passages from some of the key books of the Iliad that are otherwise set only in English translation.

 

GRAMMAR REVISION AND CONSOLIDATION

DR C WEISS
(5C: Easter weeks 2-6)

These grammar classes will be devoted to focusing on a different grammatical topic each week according to a syllabus (these will follow 'sixteen topics of Ancient Greek grammar' on Moodle).

 

Courses for ALL candidates

In addition to courses on Greek and Latin epic (see below), there are two general courses on Greek and Latin literature, open to students studying for any part of the Tripos:

 

INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY THEORY

 DR I GILDENHARD
(4 LECTURES)

After an introductory lecture devoted to ‘theorizing theory’, we will spend the following three sessions visiting the major ‘sites of meaning’ in literary and cultural studies: the reader, the text, the author and the context. We’ll look at the theoretical inflections these variables have attracted, from antiquity to the present, with some illustrative examples from contemporary classical scholarship. The final lecture will place recent developments in theory in relation to the history of (classical) philology and the modern knowledge industry. The overall aim of these lectures is threefold: (a) to stimulate critical engagement with the basic categories on which we all rely in making sense of texts (and culture more generally); (b) to provide a first mapping of theoretical positions; and (c) to facilitate independent study of a domain of thought and practice that can seem daunting or even off-putting, but is fundamental to everything we do. All are welcome, especially the curious novice. Those wishing to get into the spirit beforehand could do worse than sample Jonathan Culler’s eminently readable Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2011).

 

GREEK AND LATIN METRE

DR D BUTTERFIELD
(12 LECTURES)

A detailed survey of all the main Greek and Latin metres. After the principles of prosody and scansion have been set out, these metres will be examined roughly in ascending order of difficulty or unfamiliarity. Earlier lectures will begin with the dactylic hexameter and elegiacs, passing through the iambic trimeter and Roman comic metres, and ending with more complex lyric metres in Greek and Latin. Copies of passages discussed, and optional practice passages, will be provided. The earlier lectures, in particular, are recommended for undergraduates. Graduate students are also invited to attend throughout, who may find the later lectures, which will acquaint them with the less familiar metres, particularly beneficial.

 

Greek and Latin Literature: the epic and other modules

Greek and Latin literature both have their roots in epic poetry, in large-scale tales of mythical events, particularly the interaction between gods and men. Such foundational texts form the spine of both the Greek and Roman literary traditions: not only were they read and reread throughout successive generations but they inspired and influenced new epic poems, which in turn helped shape their successors in the genre. In Easter Term of Part 1A undergraduates will begin reading elements of the most important Greek and Roman epic texts: Homer’s Iliad, Virgil’s Aeneid and Ovid’s Metamorphoses.

For their Part IB studies, every candidate for Paper 5 must take the Greek Epic module, and every candidate for Paper 6 must take the Roman Epic module. All texts are to be read in Greek or Latin; a reduced specification is read by intensive-language candidates.

Alongside the compulsory epic modules, each undergraduate must read two modules of their choice in both Greek and Latin literature. These modules, which are lectured on in the Michaelmas or Lent Terms of IB, are focused on a particular author, period or theme. Each module contains ‘Schedule A’ and ‘Schedule B’ texts: Schedule A texts are to be read in Greek or Latin and form the core texts of the module; Schedule B texts are to be read in English and provide further context and depth to the Schedule A texts. Non-intensive-language candidates for Papers 5 and 6 will be required to have read all of the Schedule A texts in Greek and Latin. Intensive-language candidates for Papers 5 and 6 will be required to have read a reduced specification of texts from the same module, with the remaining texts to be read in English.

 

Paper 5: Greek Literature

GREEK EPIC (COMPULSORY MODULE)

DR H SPELMAN
DR R LÄMMLE
(10 LECTURES)

This module is designed as an introduction to early Greek epic in its Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean milieu, with a focus on the Iliad, of which many of the best-known books are prescribed. General introductory lectures will be followed by close readings of the individual texts on Schedules A and B.

Schedule A:

  • Non-IG: Homer Iliad 1, 6, 9, 22, 24 (the remainder of the Iliad, and the Odyssey, to be read in translation).
  • IG: Homer Iliad 1, 6, 24 (the remainder of the Iliad, and the Odyssey, to be read in translation).

Schedule B: Hesiod, Theogony; Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite; fragments of archaic epic (in M.L. West ed., Greek Epic Fragments from the Seventh to the Fifth Centuries BC (Cambridge MA, 2003)).

Prescribed edition for the Iliad: D.B. Monro and T.W. Allen (edd.), Homeri Opera (Oxford Classical Text), vols. I (Iliad 1-12) and II (Iliad 13-24), 3rd ed., Oxford 1920.

 

Paper 6: Latin Literature

ROMAN EPIC (COMPULSORY MODULE)

DR D BUTTERFIELD
PROF. E GOWERS
(10 LECTURES)

This course studies Roman epic from Ennius to Statius (and beyond), tracing how six authors negotiate the great themes of love and heroism, myth and modernity, Greek and Roman, and the epic canon itself. The Schedule A texts are three of the most celebrated and influential poems in the western tradition: Catullus’ remarkable epyllion on Peleus and Thetis / the abandoned Ariadne; the framing books of Virgil’s Aeneid; and the central book of Ovid’s revolutionary Metamorphoses, with its tales (among others) of Scylla, Meleager and the autophagous Erysichthon. The lectures will consider these three texts in turn and set them, with particular reference to the Schedule B texts, in the longer durée of the epic tradition.

Please read as much of the set texts in advance as possible (Schedule A in Latin, Schedule B in English). Full bibliography will be distributed in lectures.

Schedule A:

Non-intensive: Catullus 64, Virgil Aeneid 1 and 4 (the remainder of the Aeneid to be read in translation), Ovid Metamorphoses 8.

Intensive: Catullus 64, Virgil Aeneid 1 (the remainder of the Aeneid to be read in translation), Ovid Metamorphoses 8.1-546 (the remainder of Metamorphoses 8 to be read in translation).

Schedule B: Ennius Annals 1-3 (= fragments 1–149 Skutsch), Lucan De bello ciuili 1, Statius Thebaid 12.

Recommended editions of Schedule A texts (all with commentary):
J. Godwin, Catullus poems 61–68 (Warminster 1995), R. G. Austin, P. Vergili Maronis Aeneidos liber primus (Oxford 1971), R. G. Austin, Virgil Aeneid IV (Oxford 1955).

For Schedule B texts use the Loebs of S. M. Goldberg/G. Manuwald, Fragmentary Republican Latin. Ennius: Testimonia, Epic Fragments (2018), J. D. Duff, Lucan. The civil war (1928), D. R. Shackleton Bailey, Statius Thebaid 8–12 and Achilleid (2003).

 

Paper 7: Ancient History

Three courses of lectures are offered for Paper 7:

The Early History of Rome and Greece (lectured this term)

The Roman Emperor (lectured in Michaelmas term)

Sparta (lectured in Lent term)

Those taking Paper 7 will need to attend lectures for at least two of these three courses.

THE EARLY HISTORY OF ROME AND GREECE

PROF. M BEARD
PROF. R OSBORNE
(12 L: Easter, weeks 1-6)

Although conventionally we tell the story of Greek and Roman history as if Rome had no history before it became embroiled in Greek affairs at the end of the third century, in fact the early history of Rome and the early history of Greece are contemporary. Not only that but writing early Greek history and writing early Roman history poses very similar problems – in both cases we have strong later traditions that relate only speculatively to the evidence surviving from the period. In this course we look at what we can know from contemporary evidence, both literary and archaeological, about what was happening in Greece and at Rome from the eighth century into the fifth century, and at what later tradition claimed and why it made such claims. The course exploits both the evidence of Greek and Roman epic that is being studied in the literary papers and a range of other poetry and prose and just a little archaeology. It serves as a background not only, in different ways, to Greek and Roman epic poetry but also to the constructions of the past in classical Greek and late Republican and Augustan Roman literature.

Preliminary reading: R. Osborne Greece in the Making c.1200–479 (2nd edn. London 2009); T. J. Cornell The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (London, 1995); M. Beard, SPQR (2015), chaps 2-4.

Passages for comment in the examination will be drawn from the following texts, but candidates will also be expected to use knowledge drawn from the texts set for the epic module of the literature papers.

Iliad 2.211–277 (Thersites), 18.478–608 (shield of Achilles)

Odyssey 2.1–223 (assembly on Ithaca); 4.589–620 (Menelaus’ gifts to Telemachus); 24. 412–66 (assembly on Ithaca).

Hesiod Works and Days 27–41, 225–47, 618–62 (trans. Most, Loeb)

Archilochos 196a (Cologne epode; trans. Gerber, Loeb)

Semonides 7 (trans. Gerber, Loeb)

Sappho 22, 23, 27, 98 (trans. Campbell, Loeb); New brothers poem, trans. Obbink ZPE 189 (2014) 39–40.

Alkman frg. 1 (Louvre Partheneion) trans. Campbell, Loeb)

Herodotos 5.66–9 (Cleisthenes and Cleisthenes of Sicyon); 5.92 (Cypselos and Periander) (trans. Godley, Loeb).

Meiggs and Lewis Greek Historical Inscriptions no.s 2 (Dreros), 5 (Cyrene), 8 (Chios) (trans. Fornara Translated Documents of Greece and Rome Vol. 1 From Archaic times to the end of the Peloponnesian War no.s 11, 18, 19).

Cicero De Republica II. 17-22; 25-30; 32-37.

Dionysius of Halicarnassus 3.46 – 3.49.1

Livy I.1-7.3; I.56-60; II.28-29,  31.7-33.3, 41; III.30-34; III.50-54; IV. 13-16; 20

Vergil Aeneid VI. 756-853; VIII.313-369

Ovid Met. XIV.581-622 & 772-851

Plutarch Life of Romulus 1-13

 

Paper 8: Greek and Roman Philosophy

INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL METHOD

PROF. J WARREN
(4 L: Easter)

These four lectures will offer some essential tools and guidance for Classics students taking Part IB paper 8 and will provide important preparation for all the second-year courses, including the set text.  They will introduce some of the major areas of philosophical interest and explain some of the jargon that students will encounter.  Above all, they are designed to show what is involved in thinking about and evaluating a philosophical argument, particularly those found in ancient philosophical texts of various kinds.

 

EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE

MR N DENYER
(8 L: Easter)

We will look at the debates of early Greek thinkers - including mathematicians and medics and astronomers, as well as philosophers narrowly construed - about the nature, structure and origins of the world in which we live, and about the proper ways in which to deal with such questions. 

Advance reading: G.E.R. Lloyd, Early Greek Science: Thales to Aristotle; R. McKirahan, Philosophy Before Socrates (2nd edition); A.A. Long (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy.

 

Paper 9: Classical Art and Archaeology

MYCENAE - CITY OF LEGEND?

DR Y GALANAKIS
(8 L: Easter)

Mycenae is one of the most important cities of the ancient world. Following the excavations and dazzling discoveries there of Heinrich Schliemann, Mycenae became one of the most important type-sites for the archaeology of the Bronze Age Aegean, paving the way for the systematic exploration of Greece's rich pre-classical past. Known in Homer as 'rich in gold' and immortalised in ancient Greek literature as the capital of Agamemnon, Mycenae has long been vested in a legendary aura.

This course examines in detail the site's history, art and archaeology from its earliest Neolithic beginnings down to its modern rediscovery. Among the aims of the course is to familiarise students with sources, methods, and tools available to us today that can help us reconstruct and understand the history and significance of a site over time.

As part of the course we will explore the identity and power base of Mycenae's elite, through exploring high status artefacts, monumental architecture, iconography, and evidence for cult activity. The 'shaft graves' as well as Mycenae's palace, administration and industries are discussed, along with the few – yet highly informative – Linear B documents. The modern rediscovery of Mycenae by the western world is set alongside Schliemann's methods and practices and the impact his work had on modern scholarship, especially with regard to understanding Greece's Bronze Age past.

With the Faculty of Classics holding the Mycenae Excavations Archive and remarkable collections of Mycenaean potsherds, one of the lectures focuses specifically on objects and archives and how best we can use them for better understanding ancient societies.

Preliminary reading: E. French, Mycenae. Agamemnon's Capital (Stroud, 2002); Gere, C. The Tomb of Agamemnon: Mycenae and the Search for a Hero (London, 2006); Wardle, K.A. and D. Wardle, Cities of Legend. The Mycenaean World (Bristol, 2001 repr.); C. Shelmerdine, The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age (Cambridge, 2008).

 

Paper 10: Classical and Comparative Philology and Linguistics

THE LANGUAGE OF HOMER

DR R THOMPSON
(4 LECTURES)

Homer’s Greek is very different to that of classical Athens. Partly, that’s because the poems are very much earlier in date, and partly because they are written in a different dialect, for the most part in Ionic. But Homer’s language is also unusual in that it contains forms from vastly different time periods and from different geographical dialects, as well as entirely artificial forms. In this course we will explore why the language of epic looks the way it does and how it has been shaped by centuries of oral composition.

Ruth Finnegan, Oral Poetry: its nature, significance and social context. Cambridge 1977.

Barbara Graziosi, Inventing Homer: the early reception of epic, Cambridge 2002.

John B. Hainsworth, ‘The epic dialect’, in Alfred Heubeck, Stephanie R. West and John B. Hainsworth, edd., A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey (Books 1-8), Oxford 1988, pp. 24-32

Geoffrey C. Horrocks, ‘Homer’s dialect’, in Ian Morris and Barry Powell, edd., A new companion to Homer, Leiden 1996

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