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Overview

X courses introduce students to the multi-disciplinary approach to Classics. They take themes that need to be explored from a number of disciplinary approaches if they are to be understood at all. Characteristically the sequence of lectures and classes both leads you through the millennium of classical culture and through a wide range of ways of thinking about the classical world. Comparison and contrast between similar, or similar-looking, material from different periods is variously combined with both separate and interrelated consideration of distinct aspects of culture. We aim to bring together and capitalise on the wealth of information and expertise that students have acquired from their previous work in Classics and beyond and are acquiring from their concurrent specialist study for the Tripos; at the same time we introduce a range of subjects which they have not encountered before in any directed or systematic way.

Each week a lecture is given by an invited specialist. Each lecture is followed by a two-hour class, in which the student group is encouraged to articulate, share, and develop their reactions to the themes of the lecture. Fresh material is also introduced in the classes, both so that points may be amplified, refined and explored and so that the students will gain confidence and solidarity, making the course theirs, over the course of the year, and test out for real whether the ideas and theories work, convince, gel ...

 

Paper X1: Classics Live

Course Director: Dr I Gildenhard

Aims and objectives

  1. To introduce students who have acquired a good range of knowledge and depth of understanding in traditional Classics to (a) a range of modern engagement with (aspects of) the ancient world by tracing 'classical presences' across a wide range of contemporary media and materials; and (b) the theoretical and methodological issues raised thereby.
  2. To explore the diverse motivations for the ongoing dialogue with Greco-Roman antiquity in society at large, from critical commentary to identity construction, from creative enterprises to entertainment.
  3. To raise critical questions about the historical factors and forces (and the ideologies) that underwrite the continuing relevance and appeal of ancient Greece and Rome as a point of reference.
  4. To investigate the relationship between such 'creative' engagements with antiquity and classical scholarship/the academic discipline of Classics.
  5. To pull together, thereby, many threads of earlier learning in a demanding interdisciplinary, theoretical framework.

 

Scope and structure of the examination paper 2023–24

There will be around 16 essay-style questions concerning various topics covered in lectures, classes, and supervisions. Candidates will be required to answer three questions. In some questions, candidates will be invited to refer in their answers to particular texts, pictures, or combinations of texts and pictures if they so choose.

(Supervisions for this course will be centrally organised.)

In 2024-25 the scope and structure of the paper will remain unchanged.

 

Course description

CLASSICS LIVE

PROF. I GILDENHARD
DR S MALIK
(8 L, 8 (2 hr) C: Lent)

Classics exists at the interface of ‘then’ and ‘now’. Ever since the end of Greco-Roman antiquity, thinkers, artists, authors, and ideologues of various persuasions have reactivated aspects of the ancient world, across a broad spectrum of media and for a wide variety of purposes. This paper seeks out engagements with ancient Greece and Rome outside the domain of disciplinary scholarship and explores classical and classicizing presences in such spheres as political and cultural theory, the verbal and visual arts, popular culture and the creative industries, and political ideologies. The individual case studies are designed to illustrate the ongoing dialogue with Greco-Roman antiquity in society at large, to explore the diverse motivations for this dialogue – from critical commentary to identity construction, from creative enterprises to entertainment –, and to raise questions about the historical factors and forces that underwrite the continuing (if fading?) relevance and appeal of ancient Greece and Rome as a point of reference. While the paper does not focus on the study of the ancient world ‘as such’, the fraught relation between historicizing research and ‘creative’ engagements outside academia falls very much within its remit.

Content note: Some of the lectures (and following seminar discussion) might deal with difficult or sensitive subject matter (such as sexual abuse, self-harm or homophobia); if so, specific content notes and guidance will be provided in advance.

General Reading: Almagor, Eran and Maurice, Lisa (eds.) (2017), The Reception of Ancient Virtues and Vices in Modern Popular Culture: Beauty, Bravery, Blood and Glory, Leiden and Boston; Carlà-Uhink, Filippo (2020), Representations of Classical Greece in Theme Parks, New York; Gloyn, Liz (2019), Tracking Classical Monsters in Popular Culture, New York; Hobden, Fiona (2018), Ancient Greece on British Television, Edinburgh; Lowe, Dunstan and Shahabudin, Kim (eds) (2009), Classics for All: Reworking Antiquity in Mass Culture, Newcastle; Knippschild, Silke and Morcillo, Marta Garcia (eds) (2013), Seduction and Power Antiquity in the Visual and Performing Arts, New York; Rogers, Brett M. and Stevens, Benjamin Eldon (eds) (2018), Once and Future Antiquities in Science Fiction and Fantasy, New York.

 

Paper X2: Gods of Greece and Rome

Course Director: Dr R Gagné

 

Aims and objectives

  1. To introduce the concerns, theories and strategies which animated Greek and Roman constructions of divinity, how gods were conceived as persons, as powers, as collectives, and in relation to other parts of the cosmos.
  2. To introduce students to a wide range of evidence – literary, philosophical, epigraphical, visual, and archaeological – relevant to the study of Greek and Roman polytheism and so to think about the various contexts in which we can see theology in action.
  3. To introduce students to a wide range of methods and theories relevant to the study of Greek and Roman polytheism and to explore the historical and social factors motivating these theories and methodologies.

 

Scope and structure of the examination paper 2023-24

There will be around sixteen essay-style questions concerning various topics covered in lectures, classes, and supervisions. Candidates will be required to answer three questions. In some questions candidates will be invited to refer in their answers to particular texts, pictures, or combinations of texts and pictures if they so choose.

(Supervisions for this course will be centrally organised.)

In 2024-25 the scope and structure of the paper will remain unchanged.

 

Course description

GODS OF GREECE AND ROME

DR R GAGNÉ
DR J TONER
(8 L; 8 (2hr) C: Lent)

How did the Greeks and Romans understand divinity? Were gods like humans and could humans become (like) gods? In a world full of gods, these questions were ever-present, often pressing, and they are fundamental to our understanding of all aspects of Graeco-Roman society and cultural production. Taking the cultural construction of gods as our focus, this course will involve questions of ethics, aesthetics, ontology and politics. What was at stake in the offerings made at tombs, the hymnic invocation of a god, the worship of an unworked lump of stone, the narration of a farcical story about deities, philosophical attempts to understand the nature of divinity, or the claim of a ruler to govern as a living god? We will approach such questions using tools from a wide range of disciplines (literature, anthropology, history, art and archaeology, linguistics, philosophy) and adopting a broad chronological frame, from the Bronze Age to Late Antiquity.

A sample year of topics covered: (i) The many lives of Zeus: Homer, Hesiod and the Hymns (ii) The many lives of Jupiter: Vergil and Ovid (iii) Whose gods? Theology and cult, past and present (iv) The names of the gods. Etymology, system, competence (v) Bodies of the gods? The many modes of divine figuration (vi) The nature of the gods. Philosophical battles (vii) Gods in place: Artemis Orthia in Sparta (viii) Gods in place: Fortuna Primigenia at Praeneste (ix) Divine interfaces in Anatolia: Hittites, Greeks, Lycians (x) Cybele in Rome (xi) Politics and Epiphany: Dionysos and Bacchus (xii) Networks: Isis in the Roman Mediterranean (xiii) Memories of divine landscape: Pausanias (xiv) Gods of allegory. From the Derveni Papyrus to Isidore of Seville (xv) Gods and demons of "magic". Curses to theurgy (xvi) Jewish and Christian gods. Idolatry and the invention of polytheism.

General reading: Useful introductions to some of the issues covered in this course can be found in: Parker, R. (2011) On Greek Religion, Oxford; Bremmer, J. (2021 (2nd ed.)) Greek Religion, Groningen; Ando, C. (2008) The Matter of the Gods: Religion and the Roman Empire, Berkeley; Feeney, D. (1991) The Gods in Epic: Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition, Oxford; Rüpke, J. (2014) From Jupiter to Christ. On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period, Oxford; Scheid, J. (2016) The Gods, the State, and the Individual: Reflections on Civic Religion in Rome, Philadelphia.

 

Paper X3: Christianity, Hellenism, and Empire

Course Directors: Dr L Niccolai, Prof. G van Kooten (Divinity)

This is a joint course with the Faculty of Divinity; full course details are available on the Faculty of Divinity’s online platforms.

 

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